Trip Planner: Europe / Romania / Transylvania / Northwest Romania / Maramures County / Baia Mare / Stephen's Tower
Stephen's Tower (Romanian: Turnul Ştefan; Hungarian: Szent István-torony) is a tower located on Citadel Square in Baia Mare, Romania. Over 40 metres (130 ft) high and built in a neo-Gothic style, it is a symbol of the city.Add Stephen's Tower to your Baia Mare travel itinerary, and discover new vacation ideas by using our Baia Mare vacation app.
Eventually used for strategic observation and detecting fires, Stephen's Tower was initially a bell tower for Saint Stephen's church, built in 1347-76 as the only double-naved church in mediaeval northwest Transylvania. The church (50.6 m long and 19 m wide, with naves 25 m long), though not quite finished, was dedicated in 1387, when it was first mentioned as St. Stephen's. The bell tower was added in 1446 on the church's southwest side; it was begun during John Hunyadi's reign in honour of his 1442 victory over the Ottomans near the Ialomiţa River and completed in 1468 under his son Matthias Corvinus.
In the mid-16th century the tower and church were partly destroyed by powerful lightning. The tower was rebuilt in 1559-61; the church passed from Roman Catholic to Reformed control in 1588. In 1619 both structures underwent a thorough restoration: the tower received a new roof, high and sharp-pointed, in the shape of a square-based pyramid. In 1628 four mechanical clocks with moons (one on each face), manufactured by a Prešov clockmaker, replaced the tower's bell. Another lightning-induced fire in 1647 devastated the church and tower. Yet another fire seriously damaged both structures when they were again hit by lightning in 1769. The tower was rebuilt the following year, when the gallery was raised a level and the roof redone in Baroque onion-dome style. The church was in ruins and repairs estimated to be very costly, so the authorities decided to demolish its remaining walls in 1847 using gunpowder; the former church site became a park in 1856, with Ferenc Schulz's 1870 plan for rebuilding it remaining unimplemented, and only the bell tower remained standing. This was destroyed by fire in 1869 and rebuilt in 1898-99 in neo-Gothic style, a form it preserves to this day.
The aged light green slate roof was damaged by a storm in 2007; repairs, finished the following year at a cost to the city of some €200,000, included its replacement with a copper roof. The tower is open to visitors.
Stephen's Tower reviews
Nice view, nice history, lovely experience in the historical city centre of Baia Mare. Need some preparation and timing in order to hike all the way up there.
Nice view, nice history, lovely experience in the historical city centre of Baia Mare. Need some preparation and timing in order to hike all the way up there. more »
This site is a tranquil place to let tour young children run around, and yet is also an amazing archaeological site with incredibly preserved work. The mix of beautiful gardens and a historical...
This site is a tranquil place to let tour young children run around, and yet is also an amazing archaeological site with incredibly preserved work. The mix of beautiful gardens and a historical... more »
One of the main attractions in Baia Mare, the tower seems recently renovated and it looks really nice. It can be visited for a very cheap fee, but you need to read the instructions for visiting the tower near the entrance. We read them afterwards and missed the fact that the bell is still in service and the visits depends on the time intervals when the bell is ringing. There is a nice view of the city from the top of the tower and 15 to 30 minutes should be enough for the visit. The square where the tower is located is nicely renovated as well, hence while in town, spending 1 hour here is very relaxing
Beautiful location to visit. Full restoration and modern. Entrance ticket- 2 Ron for adult. Enjoy!
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