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Rumkale, Gaziantep

#3 of 10 in Historic Sites in Gaziantep
Castle · Tourist Spot
Rumkale (Armenian: Հռոմկլա, romanized: Hromkla; Syriac: Qal'ah Rumita; Arabic: قلعة الروم‎, romanized: Qal'at al-Rum) translates as meaning "Roman Castle" or "Greek Castle", was a powerful fortress on the river Euphrates, 50 km west of Şanlıurfa.

Its strategic location was already known to the Assyrians, although the present structure is largely Hellenistic and Roman in origin. It is said that John, an apostle of Jesus, lived in Rumkale during Roman times. The site was occupied by various Byzantine and Armenian warlords during the Middle Ages. During the 12th century, it also became the seat of an Armenian bishop. In 1179, a synod took place in Rumkale, attempting a compromise between the Greeks and the Armenians. From 1203 to 1293, it served as the residence of the Catholicos of the Armenian Church. In 1293, it was captured by the Mamluks of Egypt following a protracted siege who then named it Qal'at al-Muslimin.

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  • RUMKALE (RUMKALE CASTLE) Rumkale, which is located within the boundaries of Nizip district of Gaziantep province, which is mentioned in the holy books, was established on the banks of the Euphrates...  more »
  • While doing the boat tour of Halfeti we decided to see this Rumkale also. It is fromt he Roman era and worth seeing while in the Town. Old castle, and old city from the old roman era.  more »

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