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Castle of Kars, Kars

4.4
#10 of 11 in Historic Sites in Kars
Monument · Hidden Gem · Historic Site
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The Castle of Kars (Turkish: Kars Kalesi, Armenian: Կարսի բերդ) is a former fortification located in Kars, Turkey. It is also known under the name Iç Kale ("Central/Inner Castle", "Citadel").

It was first built during the rule of the Armenian Bagratid dynasty and than rebuilt in 1153 by Firuz Akay Commissioned by Sultan Melik Izzeddin Saltuk II. The outer walls surrounding the city were built in the 12th century. The castle, which was destroyed by Timur in 1386, was rebuilt again in 1579 by Lala Mustafa Pasha, who came to Kars ordered by the Ottoman Sultan Murat III.

It is said in the Ottoman sources that the castle was rebuilt with the help of one hundred thousand soldiers and workers. In 1606, the castle was destroyed by the Iranian Shah Abbas I, and in 1616 and in 1636 it was restored twice and new elements were added to it. The castle was badly damaged after the occupation of the Russians after the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878, and partially changed after 40 years of occupation. The walls of the Castle of Kars were made of basalt masonry.
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Castle of Kars reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
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Google
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TripAdvisor
  • Entrance is free, nice castle which was originally built in the 12th century. You get an amazing view of the city of Kars and the mountainous surroundings. It was built by Seljuk Turks in 1153 by... 
    Entrance is free, nice castle which was originally built in the 12th century. You get an amazing view of the city of Kars and the mountainous surroundings. It was built by Seljuk Turks in 1153 by...  more »
Google
  • Nice view and a cozy atmosphere in the cafe near the castle in the evenings.
  • Every stone of this castle is washed by blood of turkish patriots. Tens of thousands of patriots died here during russian invasions and hundreds of thousands innocent civilians: Turks, Kurds, Azerbaijani Turks and Persians were killed during armed robberies of Armenian deserters in World War I.

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